The Garrigal people originally inhabited West Head, which is home to one of the largest known concentrations of recorded Aboriginal sites in Australia. The Basin & Mackerel Trail, America Bay Track and Topham Hill are some areas with significant Aboriginal engraving sites.

Weathered eel on top of a large boulder, near Currawong Beach
Aboriginal rock engraving of a large dolphin (3m in length) below the Challenger Track.
A clearly engraved site, featuring a detailed carving of an echidna and a very long line of mundoes (footprints).
The Elvina Aboriginal Site is easily accessed from the Elvina Track at West Head. This significant site contains over 50 figures, including an enormous six metrs high deity figure.
Mundoes on a long rock platform above the Euro Track.
An Aboriginal engraving of a fish, near the Euro Trig at West Head.
Two shield and eleven mundoes (all weathered) that were said to represent a hunting scene
A complex Aboriginal rock art site near the Euro Trig, which features s whale surrounded by fish, shields and a wallaby. (Also called the Basin Whale site.)
Three Aboriginal engraving sites on vertical rock faces, to the east of Flint and Steel Beach.
Aboriginal charcoal cave paintngs in a large shelter below the Bairne Track, at West Head.
The Great Mackerel Shelter (SWA 1) above Great Mackerel Beach was extensively researched in the 1980s and 1990s. It has over 100 motifs including hand stencils in white and red ochre, and paintings.
Great Mackerel Shelter with Art (SWA) 2 has fifteen hand stencils in red ochre, on a cliff above Great Mackerel Beach
Great Mackerel Shelter with Art (SWA) 3 has two partial hand stencils, on a cliff above Great Mackerel Beach
Aboriginal art site with dry charcoal sketches of what may be birds, in a large shelter above Flint and Steel Beach
A small shelter below the Red Hands Track, with two handprints in red ochre, and additional stencils of what may be pieces of bark.