Over a hundred Aboriginal sites have been recorded in the Hornsby region, with many of these in the Berowra Valley National Park and around the suburb of Berowra. The sites include engravings on sandstone ridges, rock shelters with cave paintings, open campsites and grinding grooves. The Aboriginal occupation of the Berowra Valley is thought to have been predominantly in the last 6,000 years (until European colonisation pushed them out), as the valley was deeper and steeper prior to the last ice age.

Small overhang in Berowra Heights, with charcoal motifs including a snake.
Eleven red ochre hand stencils in a rock shelter near Alan Road (partially destroyed in 1985)
A significant Aboriginal engraving site, which has a group of figures engraved on a small rock platform near the walking track.
Barnetts Shelter (SWA) has a small number of charcoal motifs in a sandstone overhang in Berowra Valley National Park.
An unusual Aboriginal engraving site on a vertical rock surface, which includes a Baiame and Daramulan figure.
A very weathered Aboriginal engraving of an eel (and axe grinding grooves) above a waterfall near the Berkeley Trail
Wide and deep shelter above Berowra Creek, which has an Aboriginal hand stencil and charcoal drawings.
A long rock shelter near Franks Gully in the Berowra Valley National Park contains a number of cave paintings, and a shield engraved above the cave
Behind a row of houses is a large rock platform with a small number of engravings including fish and a kangaroo.
The Currawong Road site features a six-metre high, circumcised Daramulum figure, who is holding an axe.
The Joalah Firetrail Aboriginal engraving is a small carving of what may be a man, woman or anthropomorph.
Aboriginal rock art including charcoal drawings and red ochre hand stencils in a long shelter below the old Pacific Highway
Grooved water channel and axe grinding grooves on a rock platform near the Pogson Trig Firetrail.
A signposted site next to Quarter Sessions Road has an Aboriginal engraving depicting a pair of leaping kangaroos.
Very weathered site with an unusual feathered emu, as well as multiple kangaroos and axe grinding grooves