The Dharawal, Gundungurra and Tharawal people were the traditional custodians of the Wingecarribee Shire and Illawarra region to the south and south-west of Sydney. The Appin massacre of 1816 resulted in the annihilation of many of the Aboriginal people of this area, while farming (and the spread of diseases) displaced and killed many more. Evidence of our indigenous history can be found through the thousands of remaining Aboriginal rock art sites, although many are on private land or in the Sydney water catchment area.

Minerva Pool in the Dharawal National Park is a sacred women's place for the Aboriginal Dharawal People.
The Wilton Shelter is a significant and spectacular Aboriginal rock art site in Sydney's south-west. The long shelter has over 60 motifs, all drawn in charcoal including two life-size kangaroos and a large anthropomorphic figures.
A rock shelter with Aboriginal hand stencils above Clements Creek. The sandstone wall has extensive graffiti, and many of the stencils are hard to see.