Maroota is located to the north-west of Sydney, just south of the Dharug and Yengo National Parks. It has a high concentration of (known) Aboriginal sites, with 12 engraving sites being located in one square kilometre at Maroota south of the Hawkesbury River; significantly higher than the nearby Mangrove Creek valley which has also been systematically sampled.  Many more Aboriginal heritage sites are located in the adjoining Marramarra National Park. The original inhabitants of this area were the Darug people.

An Aboriginal engraving site in Maroota depicting a kangaroo hunt, the figures include a man, two kangaroos, three koalas and two eels.
An Aboriginal engraving site below Blake Ridge (in Marramarra NP), which depicts a group of five eels.
Very weathered Aboriginal rock engravings of a kangaroo and an indeterminate object on a rock platform next to the Calabash Trail.
Weathered Aboriginal engravings on a rock platform next to the Calabash Trail, including an eel-like figure.
The Canoelands 2 Aboriginal site has about 50 motifs in charcoal, yellow and red ochre, including a large kangaroo and many hand stencils. Nearby are three axe grinding grooves.
Canoelands is one of the most significant Aboriginal sites around Sydney, and would have been of great importance in the ritual and mythology of the local tribe. The site includes cave art in different pigments dating over six periods, rock engravings and axe grinding grooves.
Rock outcrop in Canoelands (Marramarra NP) with a kangaroo, emu and fish engravings.
Weathered charcoal and red ochre Aboriginal drawings in a small shelter in Canoelands (Marramarra NP)
A small and somewhat unusual Aboriginal cave painting site, in a shelter at the base of a tall cliff near the significant Canoelands 1 site.
A mundoe is on a small rock in front of a low shelter, which contains some very weathered Aboriginal cave art.
A small shelter in Canoelands, which contains several charcoal and one white painting. Nearby is a grooved water channel.
The Coat of Arms Cave or Koh shelter in the Canoelands area contains considerable Aboriginal rock art, with over 50 figures in red ochre, white and charcoal.
A small Aboriginal engraving site with a kangaroo and Daramulan figure, on a small rock platform near the Coba Ridge in Marramarra National Park.
A scarred tree along the Neverfail Fire Trail (Coba Ridge) in Marramarra National Park.
An Aboriginal engraving site near Collingridge Point has three motifs and a number of axe grinding grooves - as well as non-Aboriginal dinosaur carving,