Maroota is located to the north-west of Sydney, just south of the Dharug and Yengo National Parks. It has a high concentration of (known) Aboriginal sites, with 12 engraving sites being located in one square kilometre at Maroota south of the Hawkesbury River; significantly higher than the nearby Mangrove Creek valley which has also been systematically sampled. Many more Aboriginal heritage sites are located in the adjoining Marramarra National Park. The original inhabitants of this area were the Darug people.
The Canoelands 2 Aboriginal site has about 50 motifs in charcoal, yellow and red ochre, including a large kangaroo and many hand stencils. Nearby are three axe grinding grooves.
Canoelands is one of the most significant Aboriginal sites around Sydney, and would have been of great importance in the ritual and mythology of the local tribe. The site includes cave art in different pigments dating over six periods, rock engravings and axe grinding grooves.