Over 650 indigenous heritage sites are preserved in the Royal National Park, where archaeological excavations in the 1960s (amongst the earliest in southeastern Australia) demonstrated how the tools and equipment used by Aboriginal people and their way of life had changed over time. Compared to the north of Sydney, there is a higher proportion of cave art (pictographs). 

A significant, signposted Aboriginal engraving site in the Royal National Park, the Jibbon Head Engravings are a short walk from Bundeena. The carvings can be seen from an elevated boardwalk with interpretive signage.