The Greater Blue Mountains incorporates a number of national parks and is full of cultural significance, with six Aboriginal groups having connection to the area. There are over 3,000 recorded Aboriginal heritage sites in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, but the rugged and remote topography means that for every known site there are likely to be at least two more yet to be “discovered”. The parks in this area include include:
- Blue Mountains National Park, which protects many important cultural sites of the Dharug and Wiradjuri people, and has a number of easily accessibly and signposted Aboriginal rock art sites.
- Gardens of Stone, the traditional lands of the Wiradjuri people, and its many valleys and overhang have many shelters with rock art and hand stencils
- Wollemi National Park, the traditional home of the Wiradjuri, Dharug, Wanaruah and Darkinjung people. Evidence of their occupation includes ceremonial grounds, stone arrangements, grinding grooves, scarred trees and rock engravings.
- Yengo National Park which is home to the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People, with 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.