The Greater Blue Mountains incorporates a number of national parks and is full of cultural significance, with six Aboriginal groups having connection to the area. There are over 3,000 recorded Aboriginal heritage sites in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, but the rugged and remote topography means that for every known site there are likely to be at least two more yet to be “discovered”. The parks in this area include include:
- Blue Mountains National Park, which protects many important cultural sites of the Dharug and Wiradjuri people, and has a number of easily accessibly and signposted Aboriginal rock art sites.
- Gardens of Stone, the traditional lands of the Wiradjuri people, and its many valleys and overhang have many shelters with rock art and hand stencils
- Wollemi National Park, the traditional home of the Wiradjuri, Dharug, Wanaruah and Darkinjung people. Evidence of their occupation includes ceremonial grounds, stone arrangements, grinding grooves, scarred trees and rock engravings.
- Yengo National Park which is home to the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People, with 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.
A small shelter with Aboriginal rock art, just outside the Wollemi National Park. The deep overhang has a number of hand stencils, as well as one of a hand and a club.
A very small and low shelter with a single Aboriginal red ochre hand stencil.
A shelter with Aboriginal rock art, consisting of faint figures and lines in both white and red ochre.
A recently "discovered" shelter with Aboriginal rock art, just outside the Wollemi National Park. The shelter has over a hundred hand stencils.
Single hand stencil in a deep sandstone shelter below the D'Arcy Range Trail in the Wollemi National Park
Charcoal and red ochre paintings are inside this shelter in the D'Arcy Range. Above the shelter are axe grinding grooves.
Multiple charcoal drawiings at the base of a tall sandstone overhang in the D'Arcy Range.
A wide and deep shelter in the D'Arcy Range has multiple charcoal drawiings at the base.
Accessible by four-wheel drive (or by walking), this deeply spiritual site is located along the Boree track and includes the spirit footprints of Biame.
Emu Cave (also known as Shearwoods Cave) has hundred of emu prints carved into the western wall, and axe grinding grooves above the shelter.
The signposted Finchley cultural walk provides access to the Finchley Aboriginal Site, considered one of the best Aboriginal engraving sites in Australia.
Aboriginal red ochre hand stencil in a large camping cave near Goochs Crater (Blue Mountains)
A long but shallow overhang with multiple Aboriginal hand stencils, near the Lilavale Track.
Two adjacent indigenous heritage sites along Mount Irvine Road near Bilpin. One has axe grinding grooves, and the other hand stencils.