Summary: Yengo 2 is a spectacular Aboriginal rock art site in Yengo National in the lower Hunter Valley. The shelter has 94 figures, including 40 stencils and many depictive motifs.

The east-facing Yengo 2 shelter has a diverse range of Aboriginal rock art, which is quite different to that of the adjacent Yengo 1 shelter. The shelter was excavated and extensively documented by Jo McDonald in 1987/88, and the statistics below are summarised from her work.

While there are many stencils in Yengo 2 – unlike the adjacent shelter there are any more drawings and paintings.

Hand Variant8
Bird Track11
CXNF = Complex Nonfigurative Motifs

Depictive motifs

Depictive motifs account for about 60% of the assemblage, with most being identifiable. They include anthropomorphs and macropods (25% and 19%) as well as many other land animals – goannas, snakes, possums, a koala and a flying fox. Almost half the depictive are infilled or outlined and infilled.

1X3A0708 LR Yengo 2 Aboriginal Shelter with Art1X3A0708 LR lbk Yengo 2 Aboriginal Shelter with Art

White pigment is the most dominant colour (58.6%), followed by black (31.1%), red (13.1%) and yellow (5%). A number of figures are superimposed.

1X3A0681 LR Yengo 2 Aboriginal Shelter with Art1X3A0681 LR lab Yengo 2 Aboriginal Shelter with Art


There are 40 stencilled motifs which are mostly hands (72.5%) or hand variations (20%) – and one stencilled axe. As with Yengo 1, left hand stencils dominate: they represent 65% of identifiable stencils and 87.5% of all stencil variations. However all of the stencils at Yengo 2 are adult sized, unlike Yengo 2.

While most of the motifs are across the back wall of the shelter, above the opening is an assemblage of hand stencils.

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Aboriginal Sites by National Park

Over a hundred Aboriginal sites have been recorded in the Hornsby region, with many of these in the Berowra Valley National Park and around the suburb of Berowra.
Red Hands Cave, Glenbrook (Blue Mountains)
The Blue Mountains National Park (and surrounding areas along the Great Western Highway) is thought to have over a thousand indigenous heritage sites, although much of the park has not been comprehensively surveyed. The Aboriginal rock sites in the Blue Mountains include grinding grooves, stensils, drawing and rock carvings.
Yengo National Park was an important spiritual and cultural place for the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People for thousands of years, and 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.
Located to the north-west of Sydney, just south of the Dharug and Yengo National Parks, Maroota has a high concentration of (known) Aboriginal sites. Many more Aboriginal heritage sites are located in the Marramarra National Park. The original inhabitants of the area were the Darug people.