Dark red ochre paintings preserved in two rock shelters on the south-eastern slopes of Mount Manning, in Yengo National Park.

The well preserved paintings in two adjacent rock shelters were most likely first seen by Europeans in the 1930s, and subsequently “chalked” in 1961. These markings have all since been removed, when the artwork was researched in the 1960s by N.G.W. Macintosh. These are though to be the first Aboriginal rock art to have been dated in Australia.

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The six ochre paintings in the southern shelter are thought to have been painted around AD 1400, from a radiocarbon analysis of charcoal associated with matching ochre in the floor deposits of the cave.

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The paintings include a female and male echidna, male dingo and two anthropomorphs (above) and another dingo. The figures are of ritual significance, perhaps associated with rain, lightning and fertility. Dingos and echidnas are also thought to be related to fertility rituals.

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Further along the cave are more paintings of a similar style, but much fainter – they are thought to be a replica of the first group. At the very end of the cave are charcoal drawings of wallabies or kangaroos.

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The paintings in the northern shelter are more recent, thought to have been painted between 1750 and 1830 and in a different style.

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The northern shelter paintings are in charcoal, white and ochre colours – and are much harder to discern.

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The motifs are generally of local fauna, and include snakes, eels, wallabies or kangaroos, stencilled hands, shields and a boomerang. I couldn’t make out any of these with certainty.

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What’s also interesting is that there are (at least) twelve additional caves within 500m of this one – many seemingly better for shelter, cooking or painting – but none were found in the 1960s survey to contain any evidence of Aboriginal occupation…

Indigenous sites by National Park

Over 40 sites have been recorded within the park; many were located along the river bank and were flooded by the building of the weir in 1938.
Many sites Aboriginal engraving sites across the inner suburbs of Sydney have been destroyed or are very weatheredl. The sites which remain are isolated from their natural environment.
Located to the north-west of Sydney, just south of the Dharug and Yengo National Parks. Maroota has a high concentration of (known) Aboriginal sites. The original inhabitants of the Maroota area were the Darug people.
Yengo National Park was an important spiritual and cultural place for the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People for thousands of years, and 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.
There are over 350 Aboriginal engraving and sites recorded in the Central Coast region, many of these in the Brisbane Water National Park.
Over a hundred Aboriginal sites have been recorded in the Hornsby region, with many of these in the Berowra Valley National Park and around the suburb of Berowra.

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