Summary: An Aboriginal engraving on a spur above Cowan Creek, which may depict an initiation ceremony. The group of figures includes two deitiies and seven men.

On a spur between Waratah Bay and Apple Tree Bay is an interesting Aboriginal engraving site, which was documented by McCarthy in 1960. Originally described as “human figures of various kinds and sizes”. they are all engraved on one large rock platform.

Engraving McCarthy Group91 Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek

Two of the men were later described as ancestral beings, and the group interpreted by McCarthy as depicting “seven initiates who had reached the stage where they had received their girdles and armlets in the presence of the spirit beings responsible for their initiation.”

Thr largest deity is 12′ 6″ tall, and the second largest of the two deities (below) is 9′ 6″ tall, with an 8-rayed headdress and three stripes from his neck to a double-line belt.

deity montage LR Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creekdeity montage LR highlighted Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek

Of the other seven figures, one of the them stands separate to the rest of the group, near the edge of the rock platform.

AWAT4376 LR Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek
AWAT4384 LR Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek

Six of the men stand in a row, on the soping sloping edge of the rock platform.

AWAT4423 LR Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek

They are are around 5’6″ to 6′ in height.

On a nearby rock is a vertical engraving of a shark, with two pairs of dorsal and ventral fins.

AWAT4435 LR Initiation Ceremony above Cowan Creek

Additional engravings in this group include a leaping kangaroo, another man on a separate rock,

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Aboriginal Sites by National Park

Yengo National Park was an important spiritual and cultural place for the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People for thousands of years, and 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.
The Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area protects over 3,000 known Aboriginal heritage sites, and many more which are yet to be recorded. This area includes the Blue Mountains National Park, Gardens of Stone, Wollemi National Park and Yengo National Park.
Red Hands Cave, Glenbrook (Blue Mountains)
The Blue Mountains National Park (and surrounding areas along the Great Western Highway) is thought to have over a thousand indigenous heritage sites, although much of the park has not been comprehensively surveyed. The Aboriginal rock sites in the Blue Mountains include grinding grooves, stensils, drawing and rock carvings.
Over 40 sites have been recorded within the park; many were located along the river bank and were flooded by the building of the weir in 1938.