Summary: A short detour off the America Bay Track reveals some fascinating Aboriginal rock engravings, including a large whale

The largest Aboriginal heritage site at America Bay (which was previously sign-posted) has a number of overlapping figures. It features a whale in the middle of the group.

engraving plate xix fig1 America Bay - upper site

The large and still very distinct whale was described by W.D. Campbell in 1899: “the group comprises a whale sixteen feet long and three small figures. The whale has a double line at the anterior and posterior portion of the body; the large fin also has a narrow double line near its extremity, and a narrow triple line at its base. In the middle of the body opposite the large fin is a circle with a sword-like projection; this, doubtless, has a mystic meaning.” (Plate 19, Fig 1).

img 4121 lr America Bay - upper site

Overlapping the whale below its posterior band is the figure of a woman.

img 4119 lr 2 America Bay - upper site

Below the large fin and outside the figure of the whale is a goanna.

img 4122 lr America Bay - upper site

The woman depicted within the whale may have entered the whale to seek a cure for an ailment; a similar engraving can be seen at Balls Head.

America Bay – upper site - Site Summary

Aboriginal Sites by National Park

Over a hundred Aboriginal sites have been recorded in the Hornsby region, with many of these in the Berowra Valley National Park and around the suburb of Berowra.
Many sites Aboriginal engraving sites across the inner suburbs of Sydney have been destroyed or are very weatheredl. The sites which remain are isolated from their natural environment.
A review of different techniques for photographing Aboriginal rock art. This includdes oblique flash, chain and planar mosaic imaging which combines hundreds of overlapping photos.
Yengo National Park was an important spiritual and cultural place for the Darkinjung and Wonnarua People for thousands of years, and 640 Aboriginal cultural sites are recorded in the park and nearby areas.
Over 40 sites have been recorded within the park; many were located along the river bank and were flooded by the building of the weir in 1938.
There are over 350 Aboriginal engraving and sites recorded in the Central Coast region, many of these in the Brisbane Water National Park.
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